"Digital Video and Television"

    By Prof Ioannis Pitas, 2013

     Distributor: Createspace/Amazon,
     ISBN-13: 978-9609156448,
     1st Edition, Paperback - 340 pages,

     Dimensions: 6" x 9" (15.24 x 22.86 cm).

     Download free book chapters from here:

     Chapter 5: Video analysis,   Chapter 6: Video production,   Chapter 14: Video storage search and retrieval.

     For free evaluation copies to professors for course adoption, please contact: pitas [at]

Prof. Ioannis Pitas (IEEE fellow, IEEE Distinguished Lecturer, EURASIP fellow) works on digital media at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He has (co)-authored 9 books,  39 book chapters and 690 papers in image/video processing. He has been many times invited speaker, associate editor. He was General or Technical Chair of 5 conferences. He participated in 67 R&D projects and has 16500+ citations and H-index 62+ (2013).


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Scope: The book provides the most up-to-date introduction to digital video and television. The entire process is covered, from video production, to its delivery through broadcasting or streaming. Video acquisition, color theory and visual quality are presented. Video compression and broadcasting systems are overviewed. The latest trends in 3DTV and digital cinema production are also presented. Additionally, some aspects of digital video processing, as well as video analysis topics, are overviewed. Video interface, optical storage and display/projection technologies are presented. Finally, video description standards, archiving and search/retrieval mechanisms are detailed. The book is easily comprehensible by non-technical and technical readers alike.


Book chapters:


·     INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL VIDEO: Video basics, analog and digital video formats.

·     DIGITAL VIDEO ACQUISITION: Image formation/acquisition, digital video camera, image distortions, video quality.

·     HUMAN VISUAL PERCEPTION: Human eye anatomy, human vision modeling, color theory, stereopsis.

·     VIDEO PROCESSING: Video quality enhancement, transforms, filtering, format conversion.

·     VIDEO ANALYSIS: Motion estimation, face/object detection and recognition, image segmentation, object tracking.

·     VIDEO PRODUCTION: Pre-production, camera movement, lighting issues, shot types, camera calibration, 3D scene reconstruction, computer generated imagery (CGI).

·     VIDEO COMPRESSION: Transform-based video compression, MPEG-2,  MPEG-4, HEVC standards.

·     DIGITAL TELEVISION BROADCASTING: Channel coding, modulation, terrestrial and satellite transmission, HDTV, mobile TV. DVB-T/S/C/H, ATSC-T/C-M/H, ISDB standards.

·     MEDIA STREAMING: Media streaming technology, encoders and servers, communication issues, streaming file formats, media players, videoconferencing over IP.

·     DIGITAL VIDEO INTERFACE STANDARDS: High-definition multimedia interface (HDMI), digital visual interface (DVI).

·     DIGITAL VIDEO PERIPHERAL DEVICES: DVD/Blu-ray optical discs, video projectors, display monitors (LCD/Plasma).

·     DIGITAL CINEMA: Digital cinema standardization, digital cinema post-production, digital movie distribution and playback.

·     THREE-DIMENSIONAL DIGITAL TELEVISION: 3DTV image capture, 3DTV video formats, 3DTV compression and broadcasting, 3DTV display technologies, 3DTV market.

·     VIDEO STORAGE, SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL : Spatiotemporal video description, multimodal audiovisual description, MPEG-7 standard and profiles, video annotation, audiovisual archiving, indexing and retrieval, media asset management (MAM) systems.


Peer reviews:


"Professionally produced visual media in the form of cinema and TV are now fully digital, and widely available in high-definition and 3D formats. Digital images and video, which we can easily capture/view using our mobile phones and tablets and share over social media platforms, have become part of our everyday life. Digital Video and Television, authored by Prof. Pitas, introduces the science and technologies behind digital video acquisition, production, compression, processing, analysis, broadcasting, streaming, interfaces and peripheral devices to a broad audience in an easily accessible form. The book is highly successful in explaining many key difficult concepts, such as spatio-temporal frequencies, visual perception effects, color video formats, and several video processing algorithms, in a very clear and technically correct fashion verbally without requiring sophisticated mathematical notation. The book is also very successful in providing intuition into recent video compression and broadcast standards, with special emphasis on new developments in 3DTV and digital cinema. In summary, I strongly recommend this book to technically-oriented readers, who are interested to know all about digital video science, technologies and applications without any mathematical prerequisites. "

- Murat Tekalp, IEEE Fellow, Professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey.

"All-in-One, this is the best appropriate subtitle for this book. Indeed, it presents is a condensed and very well organized form all issues relevant to digital video and television, from video acquisition to editing, compression, storage, broadcasting and display, to video streaming, webcasting and mobile video, to video production, post-production and visual effects, to human perception and quality assessment and enhancement of video, to video analysis, description and archiving for fast video search, and to 3DTV and digital cinema. The book is certainly useful for university and college students and video enthusiasts, but not only. It is an excellent reference book also for professionals in digital imaging engineering, which certainly need, as, for example, I do, to have on their desk a comprehensive reference book on digital video and television engineering. I am more than happy to have this book, which I’ve received for review, and to highly recommend it. "

- Leonid Yaroslavsky, OSA Fellow, Professor emeritus, School of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

"Introduction of digital video recorder has created a flood of video data in almost all spheres of our life – from household use to highest level technical application. In fact, old analog videos are also being converted to digital form because copying, editing, storing and retrieving are much easier in the latter case. Digital video also facilitates various types of processing and analysis. A recent development of digital video technology is the introduction of digital television including HDTV and 3DTV. Naturally, there is tremendous curiosity among academics, industries and common people about the technology and various aspects of digital video and television as well as their various applications. Related courses are being offered by various universities at different levels. There are also few books, both text and edited volumes, on the subject. However, I strongly feel, readers in general will like this book as the author has consciously avoided sophisticated mathematics as much as possible. It seems that the author takes the reader on a guided tour to the world of digital video and television without demanding from the reader much knowledge in mathematics and technology. The book covers a panorama of the subject including production of video (e.g., shooting and editing a scene), giving the book a unique character. However, the book is not a non-technical one as the author has covered a wide spectrum of digital video and described the topics in such a concise yet lucid way that to read this book one need not be a master in mathematics or an electrical engineer or a computer scientist. The book deliberately avoids distracting the reader from the main of subject matter. For example, in page 94, the author writes ‘The feature that is for the assignment of a specific feature point to a cluster is the SIFT descriptor.’ Note that the author does not burden the reader with details of the SIFT descriptor, but leaves an important clue that sparks an interest among the readers. Thus the author facilitates a smooth journey for the reader in the world of digital video technology and applications through 14 well-written chapters of the book. The book may be read in two parts: first, the formation, processing and analysis of video data as well as some applications (roughly Chapter 1 to Chapter 7); and second, from Chapter 7 to Chapter 14 contain hardware and software, standards and implementation of digital video systems.

Chapter-1 interestingly starts with describing analog video and quickly arrives at digital video. Thus a glance through a comparison of data format of analog and digital video should create interest in the users. Of course, the advantages of digital video listed in this chapter would be another motivating factor. Various aspects of digital video acquisition are presented in Chapter-2. This includes description of sensors and acquisition equipments, as well as description of physical process of video formation and its distortions. In Chapter-3, the author has tried to develop a foundation for the user to appreciate the different characteristics of visual information and also its processing. Under the heading of ‘visual perception’ along with human visual system, different color models are also described. Chapter-4 describes video processing where the techniques for enhancing the quality of output video are detailed. Both frequency domain and spatio-temporal domain processing methodologies are presented. 1D, 2D and 3D transforms are presented in a systematic manner, and spatio-temporal methods are mostly used for noise removal and contrast enhancement. Motion analysis is an important processing step required for video analysis and compression. Object tracking and motion estimation techniques are presented in Chapter-5. Some case studies and applications, such as face detection and recognition, human activity analysis, etc. are also presented here. Various aspects of digital video production including post-processing (e.g., editing) are discussed in Chapter-6. This seems to me very important as the content of Chapter-6 provides an opportunity to look into various activities of an unseen world of video making. In Chapter-7 video compression, which is very important in handling video data, is presented along with various standards and their implementation methods.

Chapter-8 presents overall TV broadcasting system and also its modules like multiplexing, coding, and modulation. It includes different broadcasting standards, and HDTV and mobile TV as well. Media streaming including file transfer, downloading and communication issues are discussed in Chapter 9. Various types of commercially available media players and videoconferencing tools are also described. Interface standards and peripheral devices, mostly display and storage devices, are described in Chapters 10 and 11 respectively. Following the natural flow of the topics, that is the route followed by the author, next comes the digital cinema in both 2D and 3D in Chapters 12 and 13 respectively. The latter chapter includes 3DTV broadcast format, display format and also the viewing techniques. Finally, storage, search and retrieval of video data are presented in Chapter 14. The chapter includes MPEG-7 standards and audio-visual content description formats. Besides all these, the book contains a very useful glossary at the end. Thus the book has a unique character which makes it very friendly to a non-expert and, at the same time, a ready-reckoner for an expert. So it is of no surprise that the book is always on my table since I have read it for the first time. "

- Bhabatosh Chanda, FIAPR, FNASc., FIETE, FNAE, Professor at Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India.